Munir Elias 20-12-2013

Most of the site will reflect the ongoing surgical activity of Prof. Munir Elias MD., PhD. with brief slides and weekly activity. For reference to the academic and theoretical part, you are welcome to visit  neurosurgery.fr

Functional Neurosurgery
functionalneuro.surgery
Functionalneurosurgery.net

IOM Sites
iomonitoring.org
operativemonitoring.com

Neurosurgical Sites
cns-online.com
cns.surgery
cns.today
e-neurosurgery.com
neurosurgery.ag
neurosurgery.bz
neurosurgery.co
neurosurgery.cz
neurosurgery.fr
neurosurgery.gallery
neurosurgeryvideo.gallery
neurosurgicalvideo.gallery
neurosurgery.guru
neurosurgery.me
neurosurgery.mx
neurosurgery.photos
neurosurgery.tips
neurosurgery.tv
neurosurgery.tw
neurosurgeryspine.org

Neurosurgical Encyclopedia
neurosurgicalencyclopedia.com
neurosurgicalencyclopedia.net
neurosurgicalencyclopedia.org

Neurooncological Sites
acousticschwannoma.com
craniopharyngiomas.com
craniopharyngiomas.net
ependymomas.com
ependymomas.net
glioma.co
gliomas.info
glioma.ws
meningiomas.info
meningiomas.org
neurooncology.me
neurooncology.tv
neurooncology.ws
onconeurosurgery.com
pinealomas.com
pituitaryadenomas.com
pituitaryadenoma.net
schwannomas.com
theneuro-oncology.com

Neuroanatomical Sites
diencephalon.info
diencephalon.org
humanneuroanatomy.com
medullaoblongata.info
mesencephalon.org
microneuroanatomy.com

Neuroanesthesia Sites
neuroanesthesia.info

Neuroendocrinologiacl Site
humanneuroendocrinology.com

Neurobiological Sites
humanneurobiology.com

Neurohistopathological
neurorhistopathology.com

Neuro ICU Site
neuroicu.info

Neuroophthalmological
neuroophthalmology.org

Neurophysiological Sites
humanneurophysiology.com
neurophysiology.ws

Neuroradiological Sites
neuroradiology.ws

NeuroSience Sites
neuro.science

Neurovascular Sites
vascularneurosurgery.com
vascularneurosurgery.net

Personal Sites
cns.clinic
cns-clinic.net
cnsclinic.org
munirelias.com

Spine Surgery Sites
spine.surgery
spinesurgeries.org
spinesurgery.ws
spondylolisthesis.info
paraplegia.ws

Stem Cell Therapy Site
neurostemcell.com


Inomed Stockert Neuro N50. A versatile
RF lesion generator and stimulator for
countless applications and many uses


Multigen RF lesion generator .

15-JANUARY-2015  ALI HASAN AL-RAS  46 YEARS COMPLETE STENOSIS OF THE RIGHT ICA WITH RECURRENT STROKES.

 

Anamnesis

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The patient came to the clinic 27-February-2011 complaining of weak left upper limb with feeling of cold of this limb for 9 months. MRI cervical spine done 27-May-2010 showing bulge disc C4-5.  ECS done 26-December-2010 reporting demyelinating neuropathy both upper limbs. On examination at that time; the Romberg position was stable, but the left upper limb swaying down. There is hypalgesia of the left side of the face and the left upper limb with weak muscles left upper limb 3/5, except the left deltoid muscle. The patient was sent for investigations and MRI of the brain done 02-March-2011 showing malacia of the right parietal lobe with complete occlusion of the right ICA 10 mm above the bifurcation of the right CCA. MRI cervical spine showing the same data as before. Cardio consultation was uneventful. The patient underwent carotid angiography elsewhere and attempt to perform stenting 30-January-2012 failed. MRI of the brain with MRA repeated 31-December-2012 showed still complete occlusion of the right ICA. The patient 09-May-2013 was advised to undergo endarterectomy, but he escaped. The patient then came 25-December-2014 telling that he got another attack of infarction, and he was told that it was in another territory?

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On examination, the patient is alert with the weak left hand extension and flexion -3/5 and weak dorsiflexion left foot.

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The patient was sent for investigations and MRI of the brain and done 28-December-2014 showing the same data as before. He was another time advised to explore the right ICA territory.

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Exposure of the right CCA, ECA with the branches arising from the last. The right hypoglossal nerve was dissected and preserved. There was a huge lymphnode in the area which was resected to obtain visual control in the field. The ICA was followed from distal to proximal to be sure that no abnormality could be present at the bifurcation. The right ICA is hypoplastic and its external diameter less than 3 mm. Direct angiography done demonstrating that the ICA is completely occluded 10 mm above the bifurcation and no pulsation is noted. After clamping of the right CCA and ECA arteriotomy was done. There was an atheroma completely occluding the right ICA. It was removed but no back flow was obtained. Using subclavian catheter No 20 three way with the brown canula connected to the end of the catheter, gradual dilatation and cleaning with saline and heparin was applied. Using the C-arm, the tip of the catheter was followed and continuous angiography and cleaning was performed until the right ophthalmic artery was seen. The segment above this level up to the bifurcation of ICA to A1 and M1 which usually 3-5 mm in length required 20 min and 10 passes to clean and dilate the area until proper angiography of the right circulation was established. The canula was removed and there was back flow from the ICA. Using Dacron patch the arteriotomy site was closed and control hemostasis was achieved after removing the clamps. The hypoplastic ICA regained good pulsation after that. Routine closure.

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Smooth postoperative recovery. The power of the left upper limb became normal.

 

 

Comments  

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The patient underwent angiography elsewhere and attempt to introduce a stent failed.

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The findings during surgery explain the cause of this failure. The hypoplastic right ICA not only completely occluded, but it became hypoplastic over the years. The subclavian canula with great difficulty could pass the artery lumen.

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If the dilatation of the hypoplastic artery did not succeed and the angiography of the right A M was no seen and the back flow did not appear at the end of the procedure, than it was planned to make bypass from the CCA up to the supraclinoid part of the right ICA.

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Of course the artery now is hypoplastic but it could dilate with time or return to the preoperative status. Time will tell the result.

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Heparin was not used during surgery, because the flow to the right ICA was 0% and the artery was continuously dilated and irrigated all the time until back flow was seen. Aspirin was not topped preoperatively and Clexane 40 mg was administered 12 hours after surgery.

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The cause of hypoplastic artery is the complete occlusion and long period of time elapsed since the occlusion with absent flow in the involved segment. 

Skyra MRI with all clinical applications in the run since 28-Novemeber-2013.

Leica HM500

Leica HM500
The World's first and the only Headmounted Microscope.
Freedom combined with Outstanding Vision, but very bad video recording and documentation.

TRUMPF TruSystem 7500

After long years TRUMPF TruSystem 7500 is running with in the neurosuite at Shmaisani hospital starting from 23-March-2014


Inomed MER system


The circulation restored after long effort.

Back Up!

Notice: Not all operative activities can be recorded due to lack of time.
Notice: Head injuries and very urgent surgeries are also escaped from the plan .

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WELCOME TO AL-SHMAISANI HOSPITAL

 

 

 

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